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How to Become A Firefighter in Alabama

Firefighters put out fires and save people's lives. They educate people about fire protection and safety, respond to emergencies, and treat injured people.

Should I Become a Firefighter in Alabama?

Education Required

High school diploma

Major Requirement

Fire Science


EMT certification required


On-the-job training

Key Skills

Physical Stamina, Courage, Problem-solving Skills, Strong Decision-making, and Compassion, etc.

Annual Mean Salary (2019)


Job Outlook (2018-2028)


Annual Mean Salary- Alabama (2019)


Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics

Firefighters have to perform various physical tasks during their duty. They are required to work around the clock in case of an emergency. These professionals are expected to have problem-solving skills, decision-making skills, and effective communication skills to excel in their careers.

Career Outlook

As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, firefighters are expected to experience a 5% job growth between 2018 and 2028. The codes and materials used for constructing buildings have improved which has led to fewer fire episodes; however, firefighters will still be needed.

Steps to Become a Firefighter in Alabama

Step 1: Completing Education

Students should have at least a high school diploma or GED to begin their journey as a firefighter.

They have to obtain medical training so they can obtain an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) certification. In Alabama, candidates are required to have an EMT-Basic level certificate.

Step 2: Obtain a Degree

Some students decide to obtain a college degree despite it not being mandatory. Some of them choose a 2-year associate's degree, while others may opt for a 4-year bachelor's degree.

Step 3: Fulfill the Necessary Requirements

Students who want to pursue firefighting in Alabama have to pass a written exam with a 70% score. They are required to give the Candidate Physical Agility Test (CPAT) which determines their strength and stamina. Once they get approved, they may be asked to appear for an interview with the mayor, take the NFPA 1582 physical exam, and go through alcohol and drug testing.

Step 4: Get Training

Firefighters are required to receive training before they can begin their probationary period. They obtain training at a fire academy and learn various essential concepts related to the profession. Students also learn how to fight fires with emergency and standard equipment, including chain saws, ladders, etc.

Step 5: Career Advancement

People who wish to advance their careers in the field of firefighting need to have a bachelor's degree at least. Once they have the required experience and exposure, they can get promoted to better positions.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Firefighter in Alabama?

Aspiring firefighters should obtain a high school diploma or GED to become a firefighter. Some prefer to get a college degree, while others don’t. They need to fulfill the requirements and obtain training. These professionals begin their probationary period once the training is complete.

What Are the Requirements to Become a Firefighter in Alabama?

  • Be 18 years old at least
  • Obtain a high school diploma or GED
  • Must be a US citizen
  • Pass the written exam with 70% score
  • Pass the CPAT
  • Pass the interview
  • Have a good moral character
  • Obtain the EMT-Basic certification
  • Have Alabama’s valid driver’s license
  • Pass the drug screening

How Much Will I Make as a Firefighter in Alabama?

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, in Alabama firefighters earned $41,870 (annual mean salary) in 2019.

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