Chemistry if one of the main branches of science that involves the study of matter. The subject focuses on the properties and behavior of atoms, molecules, and chemical bonds. Chemistry is an integral part of sciences and bridges together geology, biology, physics, and other natural sciences. This is an academic principle that has been studied for centuries by renowned alchemists. With a vast and complex history, the area has undergone a lot of development and is used in many modern industrial sectors.
Many individuals ask what the role of chemistry is in our day to day lives. Chemistry is used in multiple fields for the development of medicine, foods, beauty care products, fertilizers, home chemical agents, as well as other products for human use and consumption. Without an understanding of this subject, and without chemists, the present world would be different. The healthcare industry and the pharmaceutical industry are the leading sectors of the economy that offer careers for chemistry majors.
Chemistry is taught as a major in all levels of degree programs, ranging from bachelor to masters degree. Students who wish to pursue careers in chemistry can acquire higher education in this field by enrolling in chemistry related degree programs. There are also a number of non-degree programs that can be pursued such as diplomas and certifications.
Chemistry degree programs are specifically designed for students who wish to acquire a sound understanding of the field and prepare for chemistry related careers. Students learn about the genesis of chemistry and its historical developments. Much of the coursework revolves around practical experience and applications. Side by side, students also gain theoretical knowledge about different forms of energy, properties of mixtures, compounds, phases of matter, molecules and matter. Some of the main subject areas covered by degree programs in chemistry are:
- General chemistry
- Organic chemistry
- Inorganic chemistry
- Physical chemistry
- Calculus and basic statistics
- Social and behavioral science
The curricula of chemistry programs combine theory-based learning and practical application. Students spend a great deal of time working in laboratories, learning how to combine and create various solutions. Hands-on experience is crucial for chemistry related careers. Students must also pick an area for specialization, in which the major-related subject areas may vary from college to college but generally include biosensors and diagnostics, bimolecular structure, drug design and therapeutics, and research design.
There are many different types of jobs one can apply for with a degree in chemistry. The level of the degree and the specialization area will determine what kind of professional field one may be able to enter. Some of the job options include the occupations of an agricultural chemist, analytical chemist, biochemist, clinical chemist, food chemist, electrochemist, pharmacological chemist, textile chemist, polymer chemist, and spectroscopist, and oceanographic chemist.
The income level will vary from job to job and will be influenced by work experience. Generally, a chemist can make around $33,000 per year at the entry level. With the passage of time and more work experience, the income level can go up to $77,000 per year.