Careers in Corrections

Those interested in a career in corrections may pursue a related degree, this is not, however, necessary. Often a vocational certificate suffices. Corrections refer to a system that involves overseeing detainees including those awaiting trial, those convicted and those sentenced. Their responsibilities include maintaining law and order within pre-detention, detention and prison facilities. They are responsible for preventing incidents of assault amongst inmates and for ensuring that inmates do not escape. The field of corrections is related to, and considered a sub-set of, law enforcement and the criminal justice system.

Individuals wishing to work in corrections can choose from a number of careers. Employment opportunities in corrections exist primarily in public organizations. Individuals are mostly employed in prisons and jails at the local, county, state and federal level. Careers in corrections include working in the capacity of a:

  • Corrections officer
  • Corrections officers manager/supervisor
  • Prison warden
  • Prison security officer
  • Probation officer
  • Parole officer
  • Jail officer
  • Halfway house administrator
  • Researcher
  • Policy maker

Corrections Degrees and Programs

Careers in corrections normally require individuals to enroll in training academies. These academies differ in duration at every level of government: local, state and federal. Subsequent to such training, Individuals receive on the job training.

Entering the corrections industry does not necessarily require individuals to acquire related academic degrees. Entry may, however, be easier for those who have relevant educational qualifications. There are a number of academic programs to choose from. In particular, the following degrees can prepare individuals for careers in corrections:

  • Associate of Science in Criminal Justice (Concentration in  Corrections)

  • Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice (Concentration in  Corrections)

  • Master of Science in Criminal Justice (Concentration in  Corrections)

Associate degrees are two years in duration. These programs facilitate entry into the correctional industry. Incomes subsequently rise with job experience. Bachelor degrees are four years in duration; individuals are able to consolidate their skill set during this period. Masters programs prepare individuals for more advanced careers often in the arena of policy making. Students study the sociology of corrections and correctional practices and advise as to how to improve these.

Areas of Study in Corrections

In the course of an academic or training program in corrections, students study a number of subjects. Areas of study include sociology of corrections, psychology, conflict resolution, parole, probation, managing adult offenders, managing young offenders, juvenile delinquency, corrections and ethics and security management. Individuals also acquire a number of practical skills in the course of academic and training programs. These include effective oral and written communication skills, interpersonal skills and decision making skills. Individuals are also trained in firearm usage, self-defense tactics, riot management and dealing with incidents of assault. Individuals also learn to manage their stress effectively. This is fundamental considering that correctional careers often subject professionals to physical and emotional stress.

Frequently Asked Question(s)

Q:What subjects do one study to opt for a career in corrections?

A:To opt for a career in Corrections one has to have sound knowledge of sociology of corrections, psychology, conflict resolution, parole, probation and managing adult offenders. These courses are commonly taught in associate's, bachelor's or master's degree programs offered by accredited universities

Q:What is the most basic course to start corrections careers?

A:Corrections Careers are started by doing An Associate course of Science in Criminal Justice. The duration of these programs is 2 years and the students can get hands on basic knowledge and processes applied in this field.

Q:What are the common jobs in the careers in corrections science?

A:The common jobs in the careers in Corrections Science include, Corrections officer, Corrections officers manager/supervisor, Prison warden, Prison security officer, Probation officer, Parole officer, Jail officer, Halfway house administrator, Researcher and Policy maker.

Q:How can I become a police officer?

A:If you want to become a police officer, you will need a high school diploma, college or a higher level degree. You need to graduate from the agency's training academy before you spend certain time on the job training. Also, you must be a U.S. citizen, at least 21 years of age, and meet various physical and personal requirements.

Q:I want a career in corrections. What is usually the Eligibility for Jobs in Corrections?

A:Those who wish to pursue a career in corrections can choose from a variety of options. They may work as corrections officers, probation officers, prison wardens, jail officers, researchers, or policy makers. The main requirement is to enroll in training academies. These academies provide job training. Those who also have relevant academic qualification may have benefit in moving up the profession.

Q:What jobs can you get with associates degree in corrections?

A:With an associate degree in corrections, you can apply for a job as a corrections officer in your state. However, you will have to further take training and complete a certification in this field. There are a number of federally run programs that aim at training individuals for correction jobs. Take a look at our page for more detail.

Q:Are careers in corrections criminal justice worth it in today's tough economy?

A:Correctional officers are professionals who oversee and monitor inmates or prisoners awaiting trial. According to the US bureau of Labor Statistics, the annual median income of these professionals is $38,970. The growth rate for this occupation is steady and can turn out to be a suitable career choice if you want to work in the law enforcement sector.

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